The first step towards bringing people together is, and has always been, Communication. This refers to the act of ensuring one's meaning is understood by another party. You can write, speak, or gesture to communicate, but it's all for naught if no-one understands what you actually mean, or if they have an entirely different meaning for words you're using.
Obviously, this impacts every aspect of a society. You can not do business, for example, without being able to express what it is you're selling and what you're willing to trade or sell it for.
In our early years, before proper language was conceived, we can imagine that Man simply pointed to express either "Go there" or "I want that". As we matured as a species, our ability to communicate more complex things such as emotions required that our language become more complex as well.
However, those languages developed at different rates, and along different paths, the further apart we moved from each other. In an age without radio, or the Internet, everything had to be passed on locally; therefore, a society forming a hundred miles away from another society would create completely different words to express the same things, feelings, or ideas. And when someone from one society met with a person from the other, they had to find a way to bridge that communication gap. And in the process of doing so, the slightest misunderstanding could have very well led to war (worst case scenario, of course).
Today, after over a million years of evolution and development, we still face these same issues. Our inability to properly communicate with our fellow man presents a divide which could easily be bridged by simply forming a united language, easily passed on amongst the whole world due to the ease of information sharing in today's age.
Crossing this barrier would solve a great many of our global issues which stem from miscommunication: we could easily explain cultural differences, for example, so that nothing is "lost in translation"; no more worrying about not speaking the language when you travel abroad; not having to worry about getting where you need to go or accessing facilities-- police, hospital, the nearest phone, a bathroom, etc.-- when you really need them. And the obvious one: only having to learn how to communicate one time.
I can think of no current language which we could simply switch to; I believe we need to create an entirely new language based on multiple factors:
1. A phonetic alphabet.
We need a language whereby each character in the alphabet represents a single sound. This allows us to bypass roadblocks we see in English like the sound of a letter changing based on other characters around it, or simply being "silent"-- something which makes absolutely no logical sense, anyhow... if a letter servers no purpose in the word, why have it there?
With this form of alphabet, when you say a word you are also spelling the word. Therefore, there is never a need to elaborate on what it is you just said. A word is, after all, simply a specific combination of sounds, which makes you wonder why we have sounds for the characters of our English alphabet, but then an entirely different word for the character, itself.
If you require an example, say the letter "A". Now say, "Apple". When asked to spell "Apple", however, you say "A" and not the sound "A" makes in the word "Apple". Confusing, right? Our entire English language is like that.
2. We need rules for the language which make sense.
While this is partly covered in point #1, I feel the need to elaborate on the idea. In the English language, we have the rule, "I before E except after C". But does our language follow the rule? No, it does not. Which is WEIRD, right? What is the point of a rule that you intentionally break, and which you can never explain the existence of in the first place?
3. The alphabet needs to follow a very specific font rule.
That is to say, it needs to be uniform in appearance regardless of the format it is being used in. Electronic text, for example, suffers from poor formatting depending on one's resolution. Comic Sans, for example, does not look the same at 90 DPI (Dots per inch) as it does at 120 DPI on the same screen-- PC monitor, a TV, or your Cell Phone. And because the characters, themselves, are different in size-- look at the amount of space "I" takes up, then look at "W"-- some people have a hard time catching every character when they read. And then there are similarities such as the letter "I" and the number "1".
4. Functions must not resemble letters.
The multiplication symbol is either an * or an x. The * is unique, but the x actually appears in our alphabet. And why are there two symbols for the same function? We should have one symbol equal one function.
The function symbols need to conform to the same sizing standards as letters, but must have an entirely different format for their design.Thus, if letters are drawn within a square outline, functions could be drawn to the same dimensions, simply with no square border around them. This would make distinguishing formulas from sentences obvious and immediate, without requiring a change in written design: they would appear along the same horizontal plane as sentences and be read in exactly the same manner-- a logical left-to-right, with each function of the formula solved in that order.
Once we have the alphabet created, we can then start creating words. Some words (using English as the example again) would have to completely change since the point of this new language is to be easily and immediately understood. Take the words "Night" and "Knight"; they sound exactly the same, but neither their meaning nor spelling is the same. There is no reason for this miscommunication. We could simply come up with a new word for the armored warrior and never have the problem again.
Another benefit for this new system is text-to-speech applications. Imagine never having to worry about the program getting words wrong since each word is a very unique sound, with no two words sounding alike and no misplaced, or incorrect, letters since the new rules require that each character has a unique sound which never changes regardless of where that character is used in a word or sentence. Take the letters "C" and "K", for example.
Finally, once the alphabet is created, and the language re-written in the new alphabet and following the new rules, we can begin work on the new Constitution. Select the "Constitution" option of the menu on the left to continue.